The fiberglass used in the recent Star Trek: Discovery season 4 episode “The Emissary” is made of carbon fiber, a material that has been around for more than 150 years and has been used to build some of the most beautiful and sophisticated buildings in the world.
In a paper published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, researchers from the University of Colorado at Boulder report that a carbon fiber chemical test is able to accurately identify carbon fiber in a range of environmental conditions, such as moisture, dust, and even the presence of carbon monoxide.
In the paper, the team describes a method they developed to determine carbon fiber density and specific properties in carbon fiber samples from different materials, such a aluminum foil.
The team found that, in a variety of conditions, a specific ratio of carbon-carbon chains can accurately determine carbon-cotton fibers.
“We found that it is more accurate to identify carbon fibers by their chemical structure and specific density in these materials than it is by their individual weight or specific weight and specific weight,” said study lead author David Schreiber, a professor of chemical engineering and materials science and engineering at CU Boulder.
“This is really important because in many applications, the specific properties of the fiber are important in determining how well it performs in a particular environment.”
The researchers also found that in certain applications, carbon fiber can also be used to identify other fiber materials, which can also aid in the development of new products.
“Our results indicate that we can make accurate determinations about the properties of carbon fibers based on the chemical structure of the carbon fibers in the samples,” said Schreib, who is also an assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University at Buffalo.
“By using these techniques, we can potentially find the most accurate carbon fiber for the application we are trying to solve, which could be as a replacement for traditional fiberglass in buildings.”
Carbon fiber is made from carbon atoms and is made up of thousands of individual carbon atoms.
Carbon fibers are often referred to as “glass” because they are made of glass fibers, but their fibers are actually made of a mixture of carbon and oxygen.
These carbon-oxygen bonds can be broken when exposed to water.
The carbon-dioxide gas in water is also the primary fuel in a bicycle, but carbon-oxide is also used to create the carbon fiber.
The researchers believe that, while carbon-coating fiberglass will be required to achieve high-performance in the future, carbon-CO2 gas will also be needed to keep the fiberglass from cracking and crumbling under the extreme conditions of space travel and other extreme environments.
Carbon fiber also has many other applications in the aerospace industry, and this work could provide an important new tool to help develop those applications.
The study is titled “Fiber Fabrication and Application to Space Applications: a Carbon-CO3-Acid-Oxygen-Mixture-Based Chemical Test.”
For more information on the work, including a video interview with Schreber, visit: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019652375233575/PDF/D_SCHREIB.pdf.