Scientists at the University of California, San Diego, have developed a way to make chemical-fiber cloth from carbon dioxide, which is one of the building blocks of the human body.
This new, cheaper way of producing the material could make it more widely available to people who don’t want to spend hundreds of dollars on a full-sized shampoo bottle.
The research is published in the journal Nature Communications.
“We were able to take some of the most expensive materials that we could find, and make them more economical and less toxic than the ones we had available,” says lead researcher Paul Rennie, a graduate student in materials science and engineering at UC San Diego.
“This is something that can really benefit people, not just from an environmental standpoint but also because the material has a low toxicity to humans.”
For the first time, researchers are using carbon dioxide to create a synthetic material, making it cheaper than other commercially available materials, such as carbon fiber and synthetic rubber.
They created the material by combining carbon dioxide with a catalyst that creates carbon nanotubes, a structure that can bond together to form carbon nanospheres, or carbon nanofibers.
When the nanostructures are combined with a chemical agent, the resulting fibers are able to bond to other molecules.
This makes it possible to use a single chemical to bind to multiple molecules.
“Our initial reaction was that carbon nanoparticles would be easier to work with because they were already used in the materials that were being used for shampoo, but the nanotube structure allows them to be used in different applications, so it opens up the possibility to create products that are very versatile,” says Rennies research partner and co-author Peter Lohr, an associate professor of chemistry at UC Santa Barbara.
“For example, we could use it to make clothing or shoes that are extremely lightweight and soft, but still retain some of their elasticity.”
The researchers first created a composite of carbon nanobots and a polymer that can form a single carbon nanostructure.
They then added another polymer that binds to carbon nanosheets.
The result is a fiber that has a thickness of 1.5 nanometers.
When heated to high temperatures, the fiber is able to form a thin film that can be woven onto the shampoo bottle’s base.
It’s also an ideal material for a “treat-all” shampoo because it’s a very lightweight, low-toxicity material that can easily be mixed into shampoo bottles.
The researchers found that the fibers could be used for other purposes as well.
“The material is very flexible and is able at high temperatures to form large-volume fibers,” Renni says.
“It’s very thin and strong and has a great surface finish.
So you don’t need to worry about getting hair tangled. “
When you apply it to your hair, it makes a nice, natural seal on the hair, which helps to reduce frizz and frizz-induced breakage.
So you don’t need to worry about getting hair tangled.
This material is also very lightweight and can be used to make garments, which can also be very useful in places where traditional synthetic fibers are not an option.”
Renniews research team also has been working on creating new materials to make synthetic fibres from a material called nanomaterials, which are made from organic molecules that can bend and twist.
Nanomaterial materials are usually found in nature, but Renniemens group has developed a process to make them from the carbon nanosphere in the form of nanotools.
“If you’ve ever used a shampoo bottle to shampoo, you’ve probably noticed that the shampoo doesn’t stay in the bottle as long as it should.
And you probably don’t notice it if you don.
It can be frustrating because it feels like you’re washing a bottle of shampoo every time you shampoo, and you’re not really getting a good result,” Rohnies research group says.
Rennief’s team developed a method to use the nanomorphs in a material that was designed to work on carbon nanomodules.
“These materials can actually hold a very small amount of carbon,” Rinnies says.
They were able not only to form nanotool fibers but also nanomophores, which they said have very small amounts of carbon.
“They can be very stable and don’t decompose,” Rahnies says, adding that these nanomods can also help to prevent damage to other chemicals in the hair.
In addition to the fibers, the researchers developed a new way to convert the carbon fibers into another polymer, called brominated phenylcyclohexanesulfonic acid (BPCE).
“We found that it was much less expensive than the alternatives,” Rynie says.
BPE can be chemically processed to make a chemical that can bind to other polymers, and the resulting bromide